Donors to the Project: The United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
Implementing Parties: SeeD (Contracted by Chemonics International Inc.) and GfK.
Dates: 24/08/2015 – 31/12/2016
Both recent and long-standing political and cultural divisions have been exploited and in part have contributed to Ukraine's current conflict and regional divisions. To address the issues underpinning community tensions and cohesion, USAID/OTI supported program “Ukraine Confidence Building Initiative” (UCBI) implemented the SCORE Index in partnership with SeeD and local survey/polling partner GfK. The UCBI program is complementing ongoing USAID efforts to create a prosperous and stable Ukraine by responding to the crisis in the East, helping the Government of Ukraine engage citizens in the reform process, and promoting national unity.
Within this context, the SCORE Ukraine addressed multiple themes including emerging trends in identity, civic engagement, support for policy reforms, integration of internally displaced persons (IDPs) and different perspectives on the peace process. In terms of sample structure, more than 7,700 interviews were conducted throughout Ukraine, (over 300 per oblast in 24 oblasts and in Kyiv city) as well as 640 interviews in non-controlled areas of Donbas; 300 interviews in Crimea and 1600 interviews with IDPs. All interviews were conducted face-to-face, except non-government controlled areas of Donbas in which interviews were conducted via telephone.
Headline findings of the SCORE Ukraine included:
- Predictably, the conflict was found to be fuelled by ideological divides, namely around the dilemma of whether Ukraine’s future lies with the West or with Russia. However, the SCORE additionally revealed that each of these two groups is further sub-divided into tolerant and polarizing camps.
- Civic engagement is quite low in most regions of the country, and of those who are engaged in civic affairs, a large proportion does so in a way that contributes to polarization.
- Support for anti-corruption reform was found to be high throughout the country. Support for decentralization reform is high in West and South Ukraine, but ambivalent in East Ukraine. Support for privatisation was found to be low throughout the country.
- IDPs that have moved further away from the Donbas region (e.g. to Odessa or Kyiv) are facing greater challenges in attempts to integrate.
- Residents across the country now believe that peace talks are the only possible way to address the conflict in the East of the country. However, Central and West Ukraine appears to be ambivalent over the terms of the Minsk Agreements, with specific concerns being expressed over provisions for amnesty and special autonomy for the Donbas region.